All about Tax Deducted at Source

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a system of indirect taxation in India that aims to collect tax at the source from where an individual’s income is generated. It is a means of collecting income tax, ensuring that the government receives its revenue at the time the income is earned.

Here are key aspects of Tax Deducted at Source (TDS):


  • TDS is applicable to various types of payments, such as salary, interest, commission, professional fees, rent, etc.
  • Both individuals and businesses are required to deduct TDS based on specified rates.


The Income Tax Act prescribes TDS rates for different types of payments. The rates may vary based on the nature of the payment and the status of the payee (individual or business).


The entity responsible for deducting TDS is known as the TDS deductor. This could be an individual, a business, or the government itself, depending on the nature of the transaction.


The person from whose income TDS is deducted is called the TDS deductee. This could be an individual or a business entity.


After deducting TDS, the deductor issues a TDS certificate to the deductee. For example, Form 16 is a TDS certificate issued for salary income.


The TDS deductor is required to file periodic TDS returns, providing details of TDS deducted and deposited with the government.

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TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number):

To deduct TDS, a deductor must obtain a TAN from the income tax department. It is a 10-digit alphanumeric number.

Due Dates for TDS Payment:

 The TDS deducted must be deposited with the government within specific due dates. Failure to do so may attract penalties.

Exemptions and Thresholds:

Certain exemptions and thresholds are specified in the Income Tax Act, and TDS is not applicable if the payment falls below these limits.

Salary on TDS :

Employers deduct TDS from employees’ salaries based on the applicable slab rates. Form 16 is issued to employees as a TDS certificate.


It is deducted on interest income earned from various sources, such as fixed deposits, savings accounts, and loans.


It is applicable on rent payments above a certain threshold. Individuals or businesses paying rent are required to deduct TDS.

It ensures a regular inflow of revenue for the government and promotes transparency in financial transactions. It also facilitates the tracking of financial transactions and reduces the scope of tax evasion.

The rules and rates for TDS are subject to change, so it’s essential to refer to the latest guidelines issued by the income tax authorities.